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Posted by Barry on May 23, 2012

Exercise and Alcohol, Hand in Hand?

Just because you’re logging hours on the treadmill and embarrassing Arnold in the weight room doesn’t mean you can put the cast of Jersey Shore to shame in the bar and not have consequences. One does not cancel the other. There are some major side effects, including packed-on fat, slower recovery, and disrupted sleep, to name a few. It’s common knowledge that alcohol is a powerful diuretic and can cause major electrolyte imbalances, which puts you at a much higher risk for musculoskeletal injuries and brain impairment. Other effects include altered reaction time, decreased testosterone levels, and sleep disturbance. Furthermore, alcohol is stored as fat in your body and destroys amino acids. When you’ve had one too many drinks, your body’s glycolysis process becomes impaired. This means your body begins to produce lactic acid, causing a decline in energy, as well as decreased muscle recovery, and increased soreness.

In 2010, the University of Houston created a 3-week experiment on alcohol and exercise using rats. The scientists took a group of alcohol-loving rats and made half of them use running wheels while the other half stayed sedentary. Once the scientists took away the wheels, the active rats drank more alcohol than the sedentary rats. J.Leigh Leasure, PhD, told Fitbie that “it’s possible that exercise could cause cross-tolerance to alcohol meaning, it may make alcohol less rewarding, so people would therefore drink more of it in order to get its feel-good effects.” So the more curls you tackle in Back & Biceps may just have you wanting more 12 ounce curls on the weekend.

And whatever you do, don’t pop a cold one post-exercise. When you work out, your blood sugar naturally drops. After you’re finished, your body focuses on replacing your glycogen stores. If you consume alcohol post-workout, your glycogen stores will not be replaced since your body will be busy metabolizing alcohol, causing your blood sugar levels to stay at an unhealthy level. It’s important to first replenish with a proper recovery drink post-workout, like P90X Results and Recovery Formula or alternative post-workout snack.

Regardless of these issues, most people reading this will still hoist a tankard this coming weekend. You can drink alcohol, have a social life, and still be healthy. Yes, I dared to say it. I promise. You do have to make choices and moderate those choices because after all, alcohol is made up of calories. And the calories usually don’t stop at the alcohol. Think of the sugary mixers and the post-bar grub. How many times has eating cheese fries with gravy from a diner at 3 AM seemed like a “great idea”? The keys are in choices and in moderation.

Once you’re at the barbecue or bar of choice, which drink do you choose? Let’s take a look at your best bets from a caloric standpoint:

  1. Hard alcohol. Most distilled spirits have under 100 calories and limited carbohydrates in their 1.5 ounce serving size. If you can stick to hard alcohol with a 0-calorie mixer, your waistline will thank you. We recommend water or club soda. You can also use diet sodas or juices, but then you’re getting into artificial sweetener territory. Proceed at your own peril.
  2. Wine (red/white/sparkling). A 5-ounce serving of wine will pack in about 100 calories. But be wary here. Many restaurants will pour larger servings.
  3. Light Beer. Light beers have limited calories and carbohydrates, which makes them a great choice for the calorie conscious. Look for brands that have under 100 calories in a 12-ounce serving.

When looking at what to stay away from, try to nix mixed drinks and full-calorie beers—although if you’re not counting calories, full-calorie, craft-brewed beers are your best bet from a holistic perspective, in that they’re made from naturally healthy ingredients and free of additives, fillers, and other chemicals. Mixed drinks are packed with syrups, sugars, and sodas that can easily add in hundreds of calories to your cocktail. And no it’s not healthy even if the mixer is made from fruit. That fruit is high in sugar! They may look and taste sweet, but mixed drinks can wreak havoc on your body. Fruit by itself is great for you, but I don’t think the bartender at Joe Shmo’s pub down the street is grating coconut and chopping up pineapple . . . he’s probably mixing canned fruit juice. The reason why fruit by itself is good for you is because it packs FIBER with it, which helps slow the digestion and absorption of the fructose, or sugar. Fruit juices have all the sugar, but none of the fiber, leaving your insulin response to skyrocket and fall. Furthermore, sugar masks the taste of alcohol and you may not realize how much alcohol you’re consuming.

When imbibing, try to alternate between alcoholic beverage and water. This will aid the absorption process; keep you hydrated; and help you slow down, keeping your alcohol intake to a moderate level. Plus, when your buddies are on drink number four, you’ll only be on drink number two. At that point, they may be too drunk to notice or care that you’re not drinking alcohol! If you want to look like you’re still drinking, just get a club soda or diet soda and garnish with lemon or lime. It gives the appearance that you’re drinking so you won’t have to explain yourself to anyone.

If you overdo it, that’s okay. Overdoing it is not an excuse to jump into a downward spiral. It’s an opportunity to recognize that you didn’t like the outcome of something and you can change it moving forward. Perhaps, waking up in Tijuana after a night of too much tequila doesn’t feel or look so good. Your body will remind you of that in the days following. Moving forward, recognize you may need to balance and make different choices in the future.

So how much is too much? The National Health Service of the UK recommends that men should limit their intake to 3 to 4 units a day (that’s about 2 to 3 standard drinks here in the States.) while women should limit their drinks to no more than 2 to 3 units a day (1 or 2 drinks). You can still lift weights and drink beer too, just don’t think you’ll be able to drink scotch like Ron Burgundy at night and train like Rocky the next day at the gym.

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